The Province of Cagliari is situated in the southern part of Sardinia, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea on the south and on the east. It is bounded by the Provinces of Nuoro, Ogliastra and Oristano on the north and by the Provinces of Carbonia-Iglesias and Medio Campidano on the west. The province comprises of 71 municipalities, including the City of Cagliari, capital of both the Province and the entire Region of Sardinia. Cagliari is a city testament to the longevity and change of the human occupation of Sardinia. Holidays to the city, whether using it as a base or taking a day trip in from elsewhere, are highly recommended.
Under Roman control, the city gained an amphitheatre, an aqueduct, public buildings and further building works. The remains of these are well worth a visit, especially in summer, when open-air concerts are performed at the amphitheatre. Like the rest of the island, the Province of Cagliari is of rather heterogeneous terrain – the variety of rocks is remarkable, as are the minerals, the highlands, the caves and the coasts.
One of the most remarkable places to visit while you are here is the Molentargius-Saline Regional Natural Park, in the inner part of the province, is a rare example of an ecosystem in highly anthropized areas. It is one of the most important places in Europe for the extraordinary number of birds that shelter here. One-hundred-seventy-seven among 330 of Sardinia’s birds species live in the Molentargius Basin – more than a quarter of all European bird species like flamingos, herons and little egrets.
The park borders with one of Italy’s most ample beaches, the Poetto, extend over almost five miles and Cagliari’s main beach. Next to the Capital is the Sette Fratelli – Monte Generis Regional Park, one of the largest parks on the island and a natural environment for the Sardinian deer. The Sella del Diavolo’s Promontory is also here – its name derives from the legend that Lucifer carved the profile of his saddle on the rock after being expelled from Paradise.
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